Amstelveen is a city located in the province of North Holland (NL) south of Amsterdam. The surface area is 44.08 km², of which a water surface of 2.30 km². The land consists of peat and sea clay. See the history of Amstelveen over the peatlands. Please see 'The history of Amstelveen' in Dutch.
Residents, Households and Nationalities
In Amstelveen slightly more women than men live and the average age of all inhabitants is 41 (nationwide: 42 years). This means that in 2020 the inhabitants will be of a younger age than previous years, as more young families have come to live there. Westwijk is the district with the most children and the district Groenelaan is home to the most elderly people. On 1 January 2020, Amstelveen had 91.694 inhabitants. Of these, the largest group, 16,095 = 38% live alone. More than 211,546 = 8% of households consist of a family with children, slightly more than a family without children 24% = 10.234. The percentage of single-parent families is 7% = 2.945 persons and has remained stable in recent years.
There are 138 different nationalities living in Amstelveen, i.e. 18,842 people of non-Dutch nationality, which is 21% of the total Amstelveen population. Of the more than 91.694 people living in Amstelveen, 18.842 are non-Dutch (17%). The two largest groups of non-Dutch people come from India (5.090) and Japan (1.721).
On 1 January 2020, there were 8.671 inhabitants aged 75 years or older. In 2019, 806 children were born and 788 people died, so that's a reasonable balance. The population of Amstelveen is not growing as fast as previous years, slightly more people are settling there than are leaving. More than 11.000 people settled in Amstelveen of which about 6.000 came from another place in the Netherlands and more than 5.000 came from abroad.
Living and Housing
It is not easy to find an (affordable) house in Amstelveen, but it is still being built. Of the houses 80% was built after 1960 and 30% after 1990. Of the total of 41.908 homes, 45% are for sale, 31% for corporate rent and 24% for private rent. The housing stock consists of 49% single-family houses (31% owner-occupied - 18% rental) and 51% multi-family houses (13% owner-occupied - 38% rental). It is estimated that around 2.500 homes will be built by 2023, more than half of which will be on the outskirts of the Westwijk - De Scheg district.
Districts and Neighbourhood-Districts
Amstelveen has been divided into districts for many years. In 2018, neighborhoods were merged, so that there are now 14 neighborhoods and 47 neighborhood.
The district layout in 2018 will be as follows:
- DISTRICT 1 Randwijck: NH 1: Randwijck West - NH 2: Randwijck Oost
- DISTRICT 2 Patrimonium: NH 1: Oranjebuurt - NH 2: Patrimonium
- DISTRICT 3 Elsrijk: NH 1: Elsrijk-West - NH 2: Kruiskerkbuurt
NH 3: Vredeveldbuurt - NH 4: Elsrijk Oost
- DISTRICT 4 Stadshart: NH 1: Stadshart
- DISTRICT 5 Uilenstede-Kronenburg: NH 1: Uilenstede - NH 2: Kronenburg
- DISTRICT 6 Bankras-Kostverloren: NH 1: Heldenbuurt - NH 2: Zeestratenbuurt
NH 3: Boekenbuurt, - NH 4: Operabuurt
- DISTRICT 7 Buitengebied Noord: NH 1: Middelpolder - NH 2: Buurt over Ouderkerk
- DISTRICT 8 Keizer Karelpark: NH 1: Oude Dorp - NH 2: Kastanjebuurt
NH 3: Van der Leekbuurt - NH 4: Populierenbuurt
NH 5: Augustinuspark - NH 6: Startbaanbuurt
- DISTRICT 9 Groenelaan: NH 1: Langerhuize - NH 2: Alpen Rondwegbuurt
NH 3: In de Wolkenbuurt - NH 4: Watercirkelbuurt - NH 5: Kringloopbuurt
- DISTRICT 10 Waardhuizen-Middenhoven: NH 1: Beroepenbuurt - NH 2: Hemellichamenbuurt
NH 3: Punterbuurt - NH 4: Molenbuurt - NH 5: Galjoenbuurt
- DISTRICT 11 Bovenkerk-Westwijk-Noord: NH 1: Bovenkerk - NH 2: Buitenplaatsenbuurt
NH 3: Betsy Perkbuurt - NH 4: Legmeer
NH 5: Landschappenbuurt - NH 6: Theaterbuurt
- DISTRICT 12 Westwijk Zuid: NH 1: Kastelenbuurt - NH 2: Schrijversbuurt
Buurt 3: Kruidenbuurt - Buurt 4: De Scheg
- DISTRICT 13 Buitengebied Zuid: NH 1: Nes aan de Amstel - NH 2: Legmeerpolder
- DISTRICT 14 Amsterdamse Bos: NH 1: Amsterdamse Bos Noord - NH 2: Amsterdamse Bos Zuid
Income and Work
In 2019, 47.000 inhabitants could be included in the working population. The working population includes everyone who works or wants to work at least 12 hours a week. More than half of the workforce is highly educated. In the rest of the Netherlands this is 38%. The net labor participation in 2019, the share of the employed labor force in the total population (labor and non-labor force), is 70%. Slightly higher than in the rest of the Netherlands.
In Amstelveen, the average disposable income at 49.700 euros is well above the national average (42.600). The highest average incomes can be found in Buitengebied-Noord: Middelpolder and Buurt over Ouderkerk. Kronenburg / Uilenstede is the only district where the average household income is far below the national average, but that is a student district, a campus. Social insurance is available for people who are unable to work or who need support. The UWV reports that 1.055 people received unemployment benefits in Amstelveen in 2019. From 66 years and 4 months there is the AOW (general old age law).
The location of Amstelveen is very favorable between Schiphol, Amsterdam and the flower auction. As a result, many (inter) national companies have settled in Amstelveen. Many of the companies based in Amstelveen are part of international networks, such as Nestl and Huawai.
Amstelveen has many SMEs with Amstelveen roots, many sole traders or freelancers, namely 8.000 and commercial services are the largest industry in Amstelveen. Some have been located in Amstelveen for over a century. The supply of retail in Amstelveen is hierarchically structured, because the Stadshart has a function as a center for not only the entire municipality, but also for the region. There are also ten shopping centers with a neighborhood or district care function.
Hotels and Catering
Amstelveen has at least 165 catering establishments, especially (fast food) restaurants. The catering industry is mainly concentrated in the Stadshart, the Oude Dorp and along the Amstel. A few coffee bars have now also been opened.
Traffic and Transport
The good accessibility and excellent connections with the Amsterdam, with other business locations and international destinations make Amstelveen an attractive place to live, but also to work. The inhabitants of Amstelveen have all sorts of means of transport in their possession, most of which the passenger car. There are also vans, trucks, buses and a huge number of motorcycles in use.
The city is a few kilometers from Schiphol. The total number of aircraft movements from Schiphol Airport amounted to 496.826 in 2019, for both trade and other air traffic. Despite all the promises, this number will only increase in the coming years, especially now that Lelystad Airport has not yet opened in 2020.
In Amstelveen there are 20 primary schools spread over the neighborhoods, including an international school that is publicly funded. There is also a language school where children from various countries receive intensive language education for about a year, before moving on to a regular school. There are 4 secondary schools with 5.8000 students, 5 private schools. In Amstelveen, childcare and out-of-school care is provided in 146 childcare centers, where the number of places is 4.000.
The ISA (International School of Amsterdam) provides education to students aged 3 to 18 years (from kindergarten to the final exam class of secondary education) and has a total of 1.366 students: 698 primary school students and 698 secondary school students. There are students from 68 different countries. The largest groups come from the United States, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom.
Amity International school Amsterdam opened its doors on Amsterdamseweg in February 2018. The school now has 185 students: 156 primary school students and 29 secondary school students. It has students from 28 different countries.
Public order and Safety
Amstelveen has been number 1 of the 50 largest municipalities when it comes to safety for years. The total number of crimes decreased in 2019, including theft from / from motor vehicles.
The Schouwburg, Cultuurcentrum Griffioen, the Puppet Theater and P60 offer a great diversity of performing arts for young and old. Visitor numbers fluctuate considerably, depending on the seasonal offer.
In addition to performing arts, various institutions are active in the cultural sphere, such as the Jan Museum, the Amstelland Library, Platform C, the Griffioen Cultural Center and the Cobra Museum. Key figures show that the institutions are frequently visited.
Art in Amstelveen
There are many works of art - kunstwerken - that are located throughout Amstelveen. It is also worthwhile to visit it while cycling or walking. They are both classic and modern, large and small, they can be found everywhere.
Public Health, Care and Welfare
Most young people in Amstelveen (approximately 80%) indicate that they often or always feel fit and healthy. This is comparable to the rest of the Amstelland region (in addition to Amstelveen, the municipalities of Aalsmeer, Diemen, Ouder-Amstel and Uithoorn).
For people who are less able to live independently, there are various forms of assisted living, ranging from a room in an institution to an independent unit with assistance. In recent years, the number of care places has expanded strongly due to new construction, small-scale being the trend. There are various care homes, nursing homes, family replacement homes / assisted living and other special forms of housing. The new Social Support Act (Wmo 2015) ensures that the elderly and people with disabilities can continue to live independently for longer. The municipality arranges, among other things, help with the household, a home adjustment or aids. In addition, the municipality is responsible for various forms of care and support, such as guidance and day structuring.
In Amstelveen, there are a large number of medical practices scattered in the neighborhoods, including general practitioners, dentists, pharmacies, physiotherapists, social workers and midwives. For specialist care there is Amstelland Hospital and at a reasonable distance there are also two university hospitals (Amsterdam UMC - location VU and AMC).
Sport and Recreation
Amstelveen has a large and varied range of sports facilities. The majority of the more than 250 sports accommodations are formed by the sports fields: football, hockey, tennis, korfball, baseball and softball, athletics, rugby and cricket. There is also swimming pool De Meerkamp with various indoor and outdoor pools, a practice cycling circuit and two golf courses. These sports facilities are used by approximately 80 sports clubs based in Amstelveen and by many private individuals. In addition to sports facilities, Amstelveen also has a large number of game facilities or play facilities.
Environment and Green topics
Amstelveen is a green municipality in a highly urbanized area. Much land is still used for agricultural purposes, but the number of hectares of agriculture is steadily decreasing. The amount of built-up and semi-built land is 29% of the total area and that share shows a continuous increase.
There are many nature parks in Amstelveen, such as in Bovenkerkerpolder, De Braak, the Broersepark, Elsenhove Speelboerderij, Jac. P. Thijssepark, Koos Landwehrpark, the Meanderpark, in the Middelpolder, the Cherry Blossom Park and the Poel. De Poel and the Cherry Blossom Park are part of the Amsterdamse Bos, which covers 935 hectares.
Municipality of Amstelveen
The mayor of Amstelveen, ir. T.R. (Tjapko) Poppens was installed on May 28, 2019. The number of council members is 37 and are representatives from ten different parties. This number depends on the number of inhabitants of Amstelveens and is elected once every four years by the residents of Amstelveen entitled to vote. The VVD was again the largest political party in 2018 and received 10 of the 37 seats.
The Board of Mayor and Aldermen is formed by VVD, D66 and PvdA
Amstelveen in all its facets
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(Source: Facts and Figures 2020 Municipality of Amstelveen).