Amstelveen is situated in the province of North Holland, Netherlands, south of Amsterdam. The city lies on an area of 44.08 square kilometres, of which water covers 2.30 square kilometres. The soil consists of peat-moor and sea clay; regarding the former, please see 'The history of Amstelveen' in Dutch.
Amstelveen had 87.321 citizens on the 1st of January 2017, who live in 41.268 households. 39% of these are single-living, many students, but also many older people. 29.2% of Amstelveners is younger than 25 years and in the Netherlands this is 30%. There are 134 different nationalities living in Amstelveen. Of the more than 87.000 Amstelveners there are 14.995 non-Dutch (16.8%). The two largest groups of non-Dutch people come from India (3.700) and Japan (1.481).
There were 23 inhabitants of 100 years or older on January 1, 2017, the 3 oldest persons were 104 years old. The average age of the Amstelvener is 41.1, in the Netherlands this is 41.0 years. In recent years the population is aging and also in Amstelveen. The number of elderly people will rise slowly and the prognosis is that the elderly will represent about 21% of the population in 2020 and no less than 26% in 2038
The population of Amstelveen grows considerably. The large number of new homes in particular in the Westwijk (southwest and south east), in Groenelaan ('de Ontmoeting) and Kostverloren. With this, the population has increased by more than 5.200 in five years, with the welcome in 2014 of the 85.000th inhabitant of Amstelveen. After 2020, the new building flow will slow down and also the population growth. Up to 2023, approximately 3.000 homes are expected to be built, of which more than half are on the edge of the Westwijk, De Scheg.
Housing, Homes and Households
The Amstelveen households are predominantly small, because only one or two people live in almost 68% of the households. A quarter of the households consist of one family with children. The number of singles is growing. In the whole Netherlands 35% of the inhabitants is single, 40.5% in Amstelveen, partly due to the aging population who lost a spouse.
In Amstelveen 1/10th of the homes were built before 1945 and 47% between 1945 and 1970. The houses are relatively new in Amstelveen. As much as 80% of the homes was built after 1960 and 35% after 1980.
About 12% of the homes were built in the new century: from 2000. There are slightly more single-family homes than multi-family homes and a small majority of rental houses compared to houses for sale. The 87.321 residents of Amstelveen live in 41,268 homes. Of these homes, 45% is owner occupied, 34% is council flat and 21% is rented out. As much as 48% is single family houses and 52% is represented by multi-family homes.
Districts and Neighbourhood-Districts
Since January 1, 2005 Amstelveen has 20 neighbourhoods and 12 years later this is still the case. The neighbourhood and neighbourhood format will transform January 1, 2018. Many neighbourhoods are merged and new neighbourhood-districts are named, resulting in 14 districts and 47 neighbourhoods (in the schedule written as NH = buurt in Dutch)
. By 2015, Westwijk-Oost with 8.531 inhabitants was the largest district of Amstelveen. Then Middenhoven followed with 7.085 inhabitants, Groenelaan with 7.260 residents and Waardhuizen had 6.027 inhabitants. The numbers of 2016 are not known.
The district breakdown in 2018 will be as follows:
- DISTRICT 1 Randwijck: NH 1: Randwijck West - NH 2: Randwijck Oost
- DISTRICT 2 Patrimonium: NH 1: Oranjebuurt - NH 2: Patrimonium
- DISTRICT 3 Elsrijk: NH 1: Elsrijk-West - NH 2: Kruiskerkbuurt
NH 3: Vredeveldbuurt - NH 4: Elsrijk Oost
- DISTRICT 4 Stadshart: NH 1: Stadshart
- DISTRICT 5 Uilenstede-Kronenburg: NH 1: Uilenstede - NH 2: Kronenburg
- DISTRICT 6 Bankras-Kostverloren: NH 1: Heldenbuurt - NH 2: Zeestratenbuurt
NH 3: Boekenbuurt, - NH 4: Operabuurt
- DISTRICT 7 Buitengebied Noord: NH 1: Middelpolder - NH 2: Buurt over Ouderkerk
- DISTRICT 8 Keizer Karelpark: NH 1: Oude Dorp - NH 2: Kastanjebuurt
NH 3: Van der Leekbuurt - NH 4: Populierenbuurt
NH 5: Augustinuspark - NH 6: Startbaanbuurt
- DISTRICT 9 Groenelaan: NH 1: Langerhuize - NH 2: Alpen Rondwegbuurt
NH 3: In de Wolkenbuurt - NH 4: Watercirkelbuurt - NH 5: Kringloopbuurt
- DISTRICT 10 Waardhuizen-Middenhoven: NH 1: Beroepenbuurt - NH 2: Hemellichamenbuurt
NH 3: Punterbuurt - NH 4: Molenbuurt - NH 5: Galjoenbuurt
- DISTRICT 11 Bovenkerk-Westwijk-Noord: NH 1: Bovenkerk - NH 2: Buitenplaatsenbuurt
NH 3: Betsy Perkbuurt - NH 4: Legmeer
NH 5: Landschappenbuurt - NH 6: Theaterbuurt
- DISTRICT 12 Westwijk Zuid: NH 1: Kastelenbuurt - NH 2: Schrijversbuurt
Buurt 3: Kruidenbuurt - Buurt 4: De Scheg
- DISTRICT 13 Buitengebied Zuid: NH 1: Nes aan de Amstel - NH 2: Legmeerpolder
- DISTRICT 14 Amsterdamse Bos: NH 1: Amsterdamse Bos Noord - NH 2: Amsterdamse Bos Zuid
Belief and Philosophy of life
Less than half of the inhabitants of the municipality of Amstelveen are religious. 43.8% feel involved in a belief or philosophy of life. That is less than the Dutch average of 53 percent. Only 14.7% of the people regularly visits services, with the most popular belief being Catholicism. Of the 43.8% who feel connected to a church or philosophical grouping, 21% feel connected with the Catholic faith. Hereafter the numbers of believers in percentages of the total Amstelveen population: 21% Catholic, 3.6% Reformed, 1.3% Calvinistic, 5.6% PKN, 2% Islam, 2% Jewish, 1% Hindu, 0.5% Buddhist and 5.9 percent have another belief or philosophy.
Source: CBS 2016
Income and Work
The average disposable income in Amstelveen is 40.000 euros, well above the national average. The highest average incomes are in ‘Buitengebied’ North and Elsrijk-West. Kronenburg/Uilenstede is the only district where the average household income is well below the national average, because it is a student district, a campus.
After a remarkable decrease in the number of unemployed in 2012, the effect of the crisis is also reflected by the increase in the number of unemployed in 2015. Especially for people over 50 years this number has almost doubled. For young people under 27, the number has decreased. For both low and highly educated people it is hard to find work, which has increased the number of long-term jobseekers. By 2015 the number of jobseekers increased to 2.888.
Amstelveen is especially characterized as a service economy. Almost 70% of companies and employment are part of the service sector, both commercial and non-commercial services. The trade and catering industry in Amstelveen is also relatively strong with almost 20% of the companies and over a quarter of employment. Many of the companies located in Amstelveen are part of international networks.
In recent decades Amstelveen built many offices, especially for trade, banking and insurance and the KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) building. The city has large computer centres and the head offices of national and international institutions. Many people who work in Schiphol, the airport of Amsterdam, live in Amstelveen, which is only a few kilometres away from this airport. The proximity to the airport is seen by many companies as a favourable location factor and there are more than 500 companies located, where a total of about 65.000 people are working.
Traffic and transport
As a result of easy access and excellent links with Amsterdam, other business areas and international destinations in the area, Amstelveen is an attractive place not only to live, but also to work in.
Amstelveners have 34.986 cars, 1.713 vans for transporting goods or people and 89 trucks, a total of 3.9118 vehicles in 2015.
Amstelveen is a few kilometers away from Schiphol. The total number of airplane ground manoeuvres (take-offs and landings) in 2016 from and to Schiphol, the airport of Amsterdam, was 479.000. 55 million passengers and 1.6 million tonnes of freight were transported. The number of landings was 219.155 in 2014 and the number of starts 219.141. All these numbers will only increase in the coming years.
In Amstelveen are spread across the neighbourhoods various elementary schools: 9 public, 6 Protestant Christian, 4 Roman Catholic and 2 special neutral schools. There are also two special schools.
Concentrated in the district Keizer Karelpark, there are four secondary schools with a total of over 5.700 students. The number of students in secondary education has steadily increased for years. The number of pupils in elementary school from 2014-2015 was 7.145 pupils and in secondary schools 5.713 students.
The ISA (International School of Amsterdam) provides education for pupils between the ages of 3 to 18 years (from kindergarten to the GCSE) and has a total of 1.283 students: 720 in elementary and 563 in secondary school. There are students from 53 different countries. The largest groups of students come from the United States, the Netherlands, the UK, Japan and India.
In the framework of harmonization, the municipality of Amstelveen decided in 2010 to subordinate the kindergarten facilities to child care organizations. This means that in 2015 there are 4.014 children in kindergarten. The kindergarten activities are carried out by a special organization called 'toddler care' ('peuteropvang'). This also explains the increase in the number of nurseries. As of 2012 most of the children's playrooms were taken over by childcare providers. For parents who are not entitled to child benefit benefits from the Tax Office, the municipality pays a contribution. The municipality purchases seats for six childcare providers.
Public order and Safety
In terms of public safety, Amstelveen has long been the first among the medium-sized municipalities. The total number of crimes dropped by 11% in 2014. Also 2014 showed a sharp decline in the number of housing breakages compared with previous years. Another striking descending number is declaration of bag rolling. The number of reports of theft of moped-, bicycles has increased by almost a quarter. Below you can see the number of burglaries per neighbourhood per month.
The Schouwburg theatre, the Puppet theatre and pop podium P60 offer a wide variety of performing arts to young and old people alike. The number of spectators showed a slight increase, due to the increase of performances.
Performing art shows and spectators in Amstelveen in 2014:
Schouwburg theatre Amstelveen 77.462 spectators
Cinema Amstelveen 21.391 spectators
Puppet Theatre Amstelveen 3.673 spectators
Poppodium P60 28.056 spectators
n addition to performing arts, various institutions are also active in the cultural sphere, such as the Library, Music and Dance school, the Cobra Museum and the Jan van der Togt Museum. The key figures show that the institutions are frequently visited and their facilities are broadly used.
Numbers of 2014:
Library Amstelland: number of lendings (books and other media) 636.532, as many as 31.927 Internet users
Kunstuitleen Amstelveen: 3.189 artworks, of which 1.141 are currently on lease.
Volksuniversiteit Amstelland: 2.555 students
Music and Dance School Amstelland: 2.423 students
Cobra Museum: 14 exhibitions and 95.901 visitors
Jan van der Togt Museum: was not mentioned in the schedule.
There are many artworks throughout the Amstelveen. It is worthwhile to visit them on a cycling or walking tour. They are both classic and modern, big and small, everywhere they can be found.
Public Health, Care and Welfare
For people who are not so much able to live independently, there are various forms of assisted living opportunities in Amstelveen, ranging from a room in an institution to an independent unit with a helper. In recent years the number of care places has been expanded by new construction, with small scale being the trend. There are various nursing homes, family homes / sheltered homes and other special living areas. The new Social Support Act (WMO 2015) ensures that older people and people with reduced mobility can stay longer independently. The municipality arranges among other things, assistance with households, housing adjustments or utilities. In addition, the municipality is responsible for various forms of care and support, such as guidance and day-planning (previously called day-care). The number of medical practices is in Amstelveen on average. There are 29 GPs, 29 dentists, 11 pharmacies, 31 physical therapists and 3 midwives working in the city. For specialist care there is Amstelland Hospital and there are also two academic hospitals (AMC and VU).
Sport and recreation
Amstelveen offers a large and varied range of sports facilities. There are 347 sport clubs where people are able to use soccer, hockey, tennis, basketball, baseball and softball, athletics, rugby and cricket facilities. Also the Meerkamp swimming pool with indoor and outdoor pools, a cycling circuit and a 9-hole golf course are available. These sports facilities are used by approximately 80 sport clubs based in Amstelveen, as well as many individuals. In addition to sports facilities, Amstelveen also offers a large amount of game accommodation or play facilities.
Environment and Green topics
Amstelveen is a green city in a highly urbanized area. Many land is still used in agriculture, but the number of hectares of agriculture is steadily decreasing. The amount of built-up and semi-cultivated land in 2010 is 30% of the total area and that share shows a continuous increase. 2016 was a very hot year, with an average temperature of 10.7 & ordm; C and so 2016 is just in the top 10 of warmest years since the beginning of the observations. This fits in the trend of a warming climate, as both the winter months of January and February were soft. Very gentle weather was interchanged by colder periods and exceptionally the long-lasting black ice was in the north of the Netherlands in early January. The period of black ice lasted from 4 to 7 January 2016 and the KNMI gave code Red.
In Amstelveen there are many natural parks, such as the Bovenkerkerpolder, De Braak, Broersepark, Elsenhove Speelboerderij, Jac. P. Thijssepark, Dr Koos Landwehr Park, the Meander Park, the Middelpolder, the Cherry Blossom Park and the Amstelveense Poel (lake). This lake and the Cherry Blossom Park are part of the 935 acre Amsterdam Forest (Amsterdamse Bos).
Restaurants, Hotels and Shops
The hotels are relatively small in Amstelveen. In total as many as 143 rooms with 297 beds are available. Besides the hotels there are more than 60 restaurants in Amstelveen. Many shops have been converted to eateries with all kinds of different menus: the Greek restaurant Alexandros, Argentiniun restaurant Buenos Aires, the Korean restaurant Damso, the ancient mill restaurant De Dikkert, Japanese restaurant Tanuki and a lot more. In addition Amstelveen has created a shopping center in nearly every district, with many restaurants and shops.
In the Old Village an increasing number of restaurants are opened, such as Villa Borghese - Italian, Royal Sang Kong - Chinese, Aan de Poel - with Michelinster! And a lot of other restaurants.
In the Citycentre - het Stadshart, are many restaurants around the Citysquare, such as Popov, Délifrance, New Peking City, Brasserie 14 and Tanuki.
Along the Amstel side there are more expensive restaurants, such as Lute and Paardenburg. In Bovenkerk there are also good restaurants, amongst others Silversant where it is especially good on the terrace.
County and municipalities
In January 2013, Amstelveen has seen an official merger with the neighbouring municipality of Aalsmeer. The two organizations are now combined into a new civil service, which performs all administrative tasks for the two municipalities. In the Netherlands, this is the largest and farthest reaching cooperation between two official municipalities. Both municipalities will continue to exist independently, with their own council and their own mayor and aldermen. The number of members of a council depends on the number of inhabitants. The municipality of Amstelveen employs 728 officials, divided between 7 companies, 8 departments, staff and management. In 2013, 868 people worked with the municipality of Amstelveen from the management to the cemetery Zorgvlied.
The councilors are elected by the elected residents every four years. At the last municipal elections (March 2014), the turnout was 54.4%. The VVD again became the largest political party with 9 out of 37 seats. The College of Mayor and Aldermen was formed by VVD, Burgerbelangen Amstelveen (BBA), CDA and ChristenUnie, supported by the Ouderen Combinatie Amstelveen (Eldery Party).
(Bron Gemeente Amstelveen - 2013)
Herbert Raat, (VVD)
City Council Amstelveen District seat allocation 2014
9 for VVD, 8 for D66, 4 for Groen Links, 4 for BBA, 3 for CDA, 3 for PvdA, 3 for SP, 2 for OCA, 1 for Christian Union
Amstelveen in all its facets
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(Source: Facts and Figures 2014-2015 Municipality of Amstelveen).